Lumbar Foraminotomy- Facetectomy Surgery
For Arm, Leg, Or Face Pain Relief
Nerves leave the spinal canal through openings which are called neural foramen. The roof of the neural foramen is composed of joints from the vertebral body above and below. These joints are known as facet joints. The neural foramen can become crowded with disc material, bone spurs or thickened ligament. When this occurs, a nerve leaving through the foramen is compressed. The patient may experience pain in the leg or arm as a result of this nerve compression.
In order to remove the pressure on the nerve, the neurosurgeon may remove some of the offending disc material, bone spur or ligament, which is known as a foraminotomy. When this removal is not sufficient, the whole facet joint may need to be removed. In this case, the procedure is called a facetectomy. A foraminotomy can be performed without a fusion, but a facetectomy will often require a fusion.